THEORETICAL EXPECTATIONS

TRICTHOTOMY FORM

FACTORS CONSIDERED DIRECT AGENTS OF DEFORESTATION

BELIZE

COSTA

RICA

EL SALVADOR

GUETEMALA

HON

DURAS

NICA

RAGUA

PANA

MA

CEN

TRAL AMERICA

1-- ARABLE AND PERMANENT CROPLAND

 

S

S

S

S

S

 

S

2--PERMANENT PASTURE LAND

 

S

S

S

S

S

 

S

3--GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT

 

S

S

S

S

S

 

S

4--TOTAL PAVED ROAD AND RAILROAD LENGTH

 

S

S

S

S

S

 

S

5--AGRICULTURAL TRADE BALANCE

 

S

S

S

S

S

 

S

6--BOVINE MEAT TRADE BALANCE

 

S

S

S

S

S

 

S

7--EXTERNAL DEBT

 

S

S

S

S

S

 

S

8--ROUNDWOOD PRODUCTION

 

S

S

S

S

S

 

S

9--FUELWOOD AND CHARCOAL PRODUCTION

 

S

S

S

S

S

 

S

10--INDUSTRIAL ROUNDWOOD PRODUCTION

 

S

S

S

S

S

 

S

11--TOTAL POPULATION

 

S

S

S

S

S

 

S

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

EMPIRICAL FINDINGS

TRICHOTOMY FORM

FACTORS CONSIDERED DIRECT AGENTS OF DEFORESTATION

BELIZE

COSTA

RICA

EL SALVADOR

GUETEMALA

HON

DURAS

NICA

RAGUA

PANA

MA

CEN

TRAL AMERICA

1-- ARABLE AND PERMANENT CROPLAND

 

1

1

1

1

1

 

1

2--PERMANENT PASTURE LAND

 

1

0

1

1

1

 

1

3--GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT

 

1

1

1

1

2

 

1

4--TOTAL PAVED ROAD AND RAILROAD LENGTH

 

1

1

1

1

1

 

1

5--AGRICULTURAL TRADE BALANCE

 

1

2

2

2

2

 

2

6--BOVINE MEAT TRADE BALANCE

 

2

2

2

2

1

 

2

7--EXTERNAL DEBT

 

1

1

1

1

1

 

1

8--ROUNDWOOD PRODUCTION

 

1

1

1

1

1

 

1

9--FUELWOOD AND CHARCOAL PRODUCTION

 

1

1

1

1

1

 

1

10--INDUSTRIAL ROUNDWOOD PRODUCTION

 

2

1

2

2

2

 

2

11--TOTAL POPULATION

 

1

1

1

1

1

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LOCAL AVERAGE PERCEPTIONS

TRICHOTOMY FORM

LOCAL OFFICIALS

FACTORS CONSIDERED DIRECT AGENTS OF DEFORESTATION

BELIZE

COSTA

RICA

EL SALVADOR

GUETEMALA

HON

DURAS

NICA

RAGUA

PANA

MA

CEN

TRAL AMERICA

1-- EXPANSION OF THE AGRICULTURAL FRONTIER

 

I

VI

VI

VI

VI

 

VI

2--EXPANSION OF CATTLE RANCHING FRONTIER

 

I

I

VI

I

VI

 

I

3--LEVELS OF NATIONAL INCOME

 

I

I

I

I

I

 

I

4--CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS AND RAILROAD TRACKS

 

I

NI

I

I

NI

 

I

5--EXPORTS OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS

 

I

I

I

I

NI

 

I

6--EXPORTS OF LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS

 

I

NI

I

I

I

 

I

7--EXTERNAL DEBT

 

NI

I

I

I

I

 

I

8--PRODUCTION AND CONSUMPTION OF ROUNDWOOD

 

I

I

I

I

I

 

I

9--PRODUCTION AND CONSUMPTION OF FUELWOOD AND CHARCOAL

 

I

VI

VI

VI

VI

 

I

10--PRODUCTION AND CONSUMPTION OF INDUSTRIAL ROUNDWOOD

 

I

I

I

I

I

 

I

11--POPULATION LEVELS

 

I

VI

I

I

I

 

I

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

THEORY-PRACTICE-LOCAL AVERAGE PERCEPTION TYPOLOGIES

TRICTHOTOMY FORM 

FACTORS CONSIDERED DIRECT AGENTS OF DEFORESTATION

BELIZE

COSTA

RICA

EL SALVADOR

GUETEMALA

HON

DURAS

NICA

RAGUA

PANA

MA

CEN

TRAL AMERICA

1-- ARABLE AND PERMANENT CROPLAND

 

SI1

SVI1

SVI1

SVI1

SVI1

 

SVI1

2--PERMANENT PASTURE LAND

 

SI1

SI0

SVI1

SI1

SVI1

 

SI1

3--GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT

 

SI1

SI1

SI1

SI1

SI2

 

SI1

4--TOTAL PAVED ROAD AND RAILROAD LENGTH

 

SI1

SNI1

SI1

SI1

SNI1

 

SI1

5--AGRICULTURAL TRADE BALANCE

 

SI1

SI2

SI2

SI2

SNI2

 

SI2

6--BOVINE MEAT TRADE BALANCE

 

SI2

SNI2

SI2

SI2

SI1

 

SI2

7--EXTERNAL DEBT

 

SNI1

SI1

SI1

SI1

SI1

 

SI1

8--ROUNDWOOD PRODUCTION

 

SI1

SI1

SI1

SI1

SI1

 

SI1

9--FUELWOOD AND CHARCOAL PRODUCTION

 

SI1

SVI1

SVI1

SVI1

SVI1

 

SI1

10--INDUSTRIAL ROUNDWOOD PRODUCTION

 

SI2

SI1

SI2

SI2

SI2

 

SI2

11--TOTAL POPULATION

 

SI1

SVI1

SI1

SI1

SI1

 

SI1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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