THEORETICAL EXPECTATIONS

DICTHOTOMY FORM

FACTORS CONSIDERED DIRECT AGENTS OF DEFORESTATION

BELIZE

COSTA

RICA

EL SALVADOR

GUETEMALA

HON

DURAS

NICA

RAGUA

PANA

MA

CEN

TRAL AMERICA

1-- ARABLE AND PERMANENT CROPLAND

 

S

S

S

S

S

 

S

2--PERMANENT PASTURE LAND

 

S

S

S

S

S

 

S

3--GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT

 

S

S

S

S

S

 

S

4--TOTAL PAVED ROAD AND RAILROAD LENGTH

 

S

S

S

S

S

 

S

5--AGRICULTURAL TRADE BALANCE

 

S

S

S

S

S

 

S

6--BOVINE MEAT TRADE BALANCE

 

S

S

S

S

S

 

S

7--EXTERNAL DEBT

 

S

S

S

S

S

 

S

8--ROUNDWOOD PRODUCTION

 

S

S

S

S

S

 

S

9--FUELWOOD AND CHARCOAL PRODUCTION

 

S

S

S

S

S

 

S

10--INDUSTRIAL ROUNDWOOD PRODUCTION

 

S

S

S

S

S

 

S

11--TOTAL POPULATION

 

S

S

S

S

S

 

S

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

EMPIRICAL FINDINGS

DICHOTOMY FORM

FACTORS CONSIDERED DIRECT AGENTS OF DEFORESTATION

BELIZE

COSTA

RICA

EL SALVADOR

GUETEMALA

HON

DURAS

NICA

RAGUA

PANA

MA

CEN

TRAL AMERICA

1-- ARABLE AND PERMANENT CROPLAND

 

1

1

1

1

1

 

1

2--PERMANENT PASTURE LAND

 

1

2

1

1

1

 

1

3--GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT

 

1

1

1

1

2

 

1

4--TOTAL PAVED ROAD AND RAILROAD LENGTH

 

1

1

1

1

1

 

1

5--AGRICULTURAL TRADE BALANCE

 

1

2

2

2

2

 

2

6--BOVINE MEAT TRADE BALANCE

 

2

2

2

2

1

 

2

7--EXTERNAL DEBT

 

1

1

1

1

1

 

1

8--ROUNDWOOD PRODUCTION

 

1

1

1

1

1

 

1

9--FUELWOOD AND CHARCOAL PRODUCTION

 

1

1

1

1

1

 

1

10--INDUSTRIAL ROUNDWOOD PRODUCTION

 

2

1

2

2

2

 

2

11--TOTAL POPULATION

 

1

1

1

1

1

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LOCAL AVERAGE PERCEPTIONS

DICHOTOMY FORM

LOCAL OFFICIALS

FACTORS CONSIDERED DIRECT AGENTS OF DEFORESTATION

BELIZE

COSTA

RICA

EL SALVADOR

GUETEMALA

HON

DURAS

NICA

RAGUA

PANA

MA

CEN

TRAL AMERICA

1-- EXPANSION OF THE AGRICULTURAL FRONTIER

 

NVI

VI

VI

VI

VI

 

VI

2--EXPANSION OF CATTLE RANCHING FRONTIER

 

NVI

NVI

VI

NVI

VI

 

NVI

3--LEVELS OF NATIONAL INCOME

 

NVI

NVI

NVI

NVI

NVI

 

NVI

4--CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS AND RAILROAD TRACKS

 

NVI

NVI

NVI

NVI

NVI

 

NVI

5--EXPORTS OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS

 

NVI

NVI

NVI

NVI

NVI

 

NVI

6--EXPORTS OF LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS

 

NVI

NVI

NVI

NVI

NVI

 

NVI

7--EXTERNAL DEBT

 

NVI

NVI

NVI

NVI

NVI

 

NVI

8--PRODUCTION AND CONSUMPTION OF ROUNDWOOD

 

NVI

NVI

NVI

NVI

NVI

 

NVI

9--PRODUCTION AND CONSUMPTION OF FUELWOOD AND CHARCOAL

 

NVI

VI

VI

VI

VI

 

NVI

10--PRODUCTION AND CONSUMPTION OF INDUSTRIAL ROUNDWOOD

 

NVI

NVI

NVI

NVI

NVI

 

NVI

11--POPULATION LEVELS

 

NVI

VI

NVI

NVI

NVI

 

NVI

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

THEORY-PRACTICE-LOCAL AVERAGE PERCEPTION TYPOLOGIES

DICTHOTOMY FORM 

FACTORS CONSIDERED DIRECT AGENTS OF DEFORESTATION

BELIZE

COSTA

RICA

EL SALVADOR

GUETEMALA

HON

DURAS

NICA

RAGUA

PANA

MA

CEN

TRAL AMERICA

1-- ARABLE AND PERMANENT CROPLAND

 

SNVI1

SVI1

SVI1

SVI1

SVI1

 

SVI1

2--PERMANENT PASTURE LAND

 

SNVI1

SNVI2

SVI1

SNVI1

SVI1

 

SNVI1

3--GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT

 

SNVI1

SNVI1

SNVI1

SNVI1

SNVI2

 

SNVI1

4--TOTAL PAVED ROAD AND RAILROAD LENGTH

 

SNVI1

SNVI1

SNVI1

SNVI1

SNVI1

 

SNVI1

5--AGRICULTURAL TRADE BALANCE

 

SNVI1

SNVI2

SNVI2

SNVI2

SNVI2

 

SNVI2

6--BOVINE MEAT TRADE BALANCE

 

SNVI2

SNVI2

SNVI2

SNVI2

SNVI1

 

SNVI2

7--EXTERNAL DEBT

 

SNVI1

SNVI1

SNVI1

SNVI1

SNVI1

 

SNVI1

8--ROUNDWOOD PRODUCTION

 

SNVI1

SNVI1

SNVI1

SNVI1

SNVI1

 

SNVI1

9--FUELWOOD AND CHARCOAL PRODUCTION

 

SNVI1

SVI1

SVI1

SVI1

SVI1

 

SNVI1

10--INDUSTRIAL ROUNDWOOD PRODUCTION

 

SNVI2

SNVI1

SNVI2

SNVI2

SNVI2

 

SNVI2

11--TOTAL POPULATION

 

SNVI1

SVI1

SNVI1

SNVI1

SNVI1

 

SNVI1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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